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Peelers - Types of Equipment Available
Peelers are tools used by cosmetic dentists to remove the outer layers of the tooth and enamel, to reveal healthy, white tooth enamel. Most dentists use disposable plastic instruments called "peels." These instruments can be hard or soft, and most have a strip of metal, called the "nosepiece," on which you place the tooth to be removed. Once the peel is placed on the tooth, it is pulled off with tiny tweezers and the exposed portion is easily extracted.
There are many types of peelers, including one called a "nosepiece" that is round and comes with a small notch in the top for a finger to fit into. There is also the more common "pivoting" peeler which is rectangular and comes with two metal pieces that flip up and down. Another popular peeler is the zena star peeler, which has four metal prongs which are pointed at both ends. The bottom prong has a hook in the middle of it for inserting the tooth brush. The advantage of using ten stars and other peeler tools is that they are easy to use and the teeth remain whiter and more intact for longer periods of time.
Dental veneers require the use of special instruments called "dermal ports." These instruments are used to scrape off the outer skin layer, or derma, of the tooth. This process removes the most visible parts of the tooth and exposes healthy tissue. Dental veneers require less removal of enamel and are much easier to use than pivot or mechanical apple peelers.
Peelers come in two basic types: sharp and dull. Dull peels are made with metal blades that glide over the surface of the tooth without cutting it. Sharp peels, often called medially obtuse, are made with metal blades that have been precisely ground to give a more even and constant shave. Both types can be powered by either a motor or a hand-operated blade. Hand-operated blades are safer because they do not need to stop being reset when the motor fails, but the blades of motorized peelers must be manually reset after each use.
Determining whether to use a manual or motorized peeler depends on the amount of time the patient plans to spend on the procedure. With a manual peel, patients usually have enough time to finish the task before the session is completed. With the aid of a powerful electric or manual device, the time taken increases dramatically. On the other hand, if the outer skin of the tooth is protected by a capsular device, the procedure can be completed within a short period of time. Portable, detachable, and centrifugal peels are examples of capsular devices.
Some dental practitioners prefer to use their hands, instead of using an electric or manual device, when performing a straight peel. A straight peeler is a rotating device that is similar to the rotating blades used in delis. Although they require minimal care, there are still some precautions to follow before and after use. For example, one must be sure to clean and dry the swivel and the blade straight before and after each use. There are also some types of straight peels that use a small zippered bag, which should be removed before the procedure.
Some types of peelers have several different blade options: single, double, and full-blade. They should all be used in accordance with the type of outer skin, which may be either sensitive or non-sensitive. Before each use, the patient should inspect the area for sensitivity to the outer skin. There are many professional dentists who are able to customize the right blade for the best result.
Many dentists prefer the use of y-type, straight peeling equipment due to the ease of use. This type of straightener is made up of two parallel strips of steel tape that are placed over the enamel on a tooth. Y-type peels can last up to 30 minutes while others need longer periods of preparation. Either way, the overall results are much more consistent with the use of y-type than any other type of peeler.